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Folk Dance Federation of California, South, Inc.

Folk Ensemble

1987 Program
By Dick Oakes


Saturday, June 6, 1987 at 8:00 p.m., Royce Hall



America's International Folk Ensemble


LEONA WOOD, Founding Artistic Director
BARRY GLASS, Artistic Director


Vicki Alexander
Marianne Allen
Ron Allman
Sandy Allman
Ronda Berkeley
Anthony Biedul
Amy Bonner
Jennifer Brosious
Ann Brown
Susan Burke
Umberto Carvajal
      Jerzy Checinski
Sally Cullman
Gigi DeMarrais
Susan Duckett
Charles Eisen
Ralph Etheart
Andrea Fishman
Robert Gately
Michele Gerard
      John Gibson
Barry Glass
Lorraine Graham
Tamberlaine Harris
Pamela Heiter
Dagfinn Krogsrud
Gene Landriau
Roo Lester
Tracie Marcus
Donna Milton
Zbyszek Orzol
      Asako Oshiro
R. Premkumar
Susan Rodearmel
Ramona Sedillos
Barbara Schaffer
Susan Shapiro
Sue Ellen Smyle
Hillary Sohn
Don Sparks
Deanne Sparks
Stephen Tabor


Stuart Brotman
Martin Espino
David Feeney
Mark Forry
Eran Fraenkel
Robyn Friend
Dennis Helguero
      James Knight
Bruce Maerker
Donna Milton
A. Jihad Racy
Dušan Ratkovich
Jerry Robin
      Lucho Rodriguez
Isaac Sadigursky
Neil Siegel
Daniel Slosberg
Don Sparks
Ergun Tamer
      Çoskun Tamer
Luis Torres
Mario Torrico
Chris Yseta
John Yseta
John Zeretzke



Music Director


Production Stage Manager


Lighting Design


Sound Design



     Choreography: Billy Burke
     Musical Arrangement: Chris Yseta and the AMAN musicians
Baranja is one of the easternmost districts of Croatia in present-day Yugoslavia and occupies a small triangle formed by the Hungarian border, the Danube and Drava rivers. The costumes in this area exhibit a very ancient style. And the dances tend to be bright, incorporating sharp, vertical movements and many turns. A typical choral piece opens the suite and the TAMBURICA orchestra accompanies.


     Music Consultants: Mark Forry and Chris Yseta
The BECAR orchestra provides one of the most popular sounds of Yugoslav folk music. The musical tradition takes its name from the BECARI – musicians who take their good times seriously.


     Choreography: Jennifer Brosious
     Soloist: Dragfinn Krogsrud
     Seljefløyte: Stuart Brotman
     Hardingfele: John Zeretzke
     Musica Consultant: Loretta Kelley
The willow flute or SELJEFLØYTE is related to other fipple-flutes, recorders, or whistles in the way the tone is actually produced. However, due to the fact that it has no holes along the bore of the instrument, its range is limited to the overtone series produced by either an open or closed tube, and in this regard differs from most instruments in the "whistle family." VESTLANDSSPRINGAR and HALLING are two regional dances (bygdedansar), an older style of traditional dancing done in Norway. Norwegian dancers are free to improvise, particularly in the HALLING, where the men's bravado is as important as their dance skills. The suite begins with a SANDSVAERRIL, and example of the more modern figure dance (turdans). The dances are accompanied by the HARDINGFELE, a highly ornamented violin with four sympathetic strings that give the instrument its rich, haunting sound.


     Choreography: Leona Wood and Graham Hempel
     Musical Arrangement: Stuart Brotman
     Soloists: Michele Gerard and Charles Eisen
     Vocal Soloists: Mark Forry and Robyn Friend
     Changuri: Neil Siegel
     Vocal Consultants: Priscilla McCoy and Don Stilo
Dancing is a vital part of cultural expression in all Transcaucasian (Kavkaz) countries. Traditional values, medieval costumes, and aristocratic manners survive, expressed in dances characterized by the traditions of chivalry, as in this wedding canopy dance. A song in the unique vocal style of the region opens the piece.


     Choreography: Don Sparks
     Accordion Solo: Isaac Sadigursky
     Soloists: Don Sparks and Deanne Sparks
The Northern Ukraine has a distinctive tradition of dance. Much of the present-day performance material cann be placed in the category of character dance, a style profoundly influenced by classical dance technique. We present here a piece representing that particular tradition.


     Musical Arrangements: YATIRI Musicians
AMAN is pleased to present the group YATIRI in a selection of music from the Andes Mountains in Bolivia. The group will present music ranging from the ancient Pan Pipes to both older and more contemporary types of folk songs. Some of the instruments used include CHARANGO, a plucked instrument backed with the shell of an armadillo, the ZAMPONAS or Pan Pipes, the QUENA and TARKAS, both traditional flutes, and the two drums known as BOMBO and WANKARA. We welcome these exeellent musicians to tonight's program.


     Choreography and Musical Arrangement: Don Sparks
One of the earlier groups of Hungarian settlers in what is nowadays Romanian Transylvania is that group known as Székely. Although their music and dance are notably related not only to other groups of Hungarians throughout the region but also to their Romanian neighbors, the dance cycles in this area exhibit distinctive styles. Typical of the dances and music of the Székely people are the KESERVES or soldiers' lament and the lively FORGATÓS or twirling dance. The JÁRTÁTOS and SZÖKETETŐS complete the dance cycle. The orchestra in this part of Transylvania often includes the CYMBALOM, a regional hammered dulcimer, and the three-stringed KONTRA, a chord viola.



     Choreography: Olga Skovran
Around the town of Glamoć in this central Yugoslavian Republic, several versions of a dance performed in lines and couples to no instrumental or vocal musical accompaniment have persisted up to the present day. Often termed "silent," the dance STARO BOSANSKO KOLO (Old Bosnian dance) brings together many of the most interesting elements of this form of dance.


     Asik soloist: Ergun Tamer
     Soloist for the Black Sea Songs: Robyn Friend
     Music Supervision Neil Siegal
     Consultant: Yasar Turna
The ASIK or wandering minstrels accompanied their songs on the SAZ or long-necked Turkish lute. Following the traditional ASIK song will be a medley of dance songs from the KARA DENIZ region of the Eastern coast of the Black Sea. Although the songs are in different meters and tempos, the same dance – HORON – can be performed to all three. The unusual style of harmony in the instrumental accompanyment is both traditional and in current use in the area.


     Choreography: Barry Glass from material taught to the company by Bora Özkök
     Musical Supervision: Stuart Brotman
     Soloists: Drgun Tamer and Neil Siegel
     Vocal Consultant: Robyn Friend
A suite of dances from the Turkish region between Sivas and Bayburt, south of the Balaban mountains that separate the narrow Black Sea coastal plain from the rest of northeastern Anatolia. These dances are enjoyed by several fo the many ethnic groups of this area, which include Turks, Armenians, Kurds, and Georgians. The musical rhythm for the first piece in the suite is known as OYNAK and is a regional specialty.


     Choreography: Don Sparks from material taught to the company by Bora Özkök
     Zurna: John Zeretzke
     Davul: Coskun Tamer
Dances for men from the town of Bitlis, near Lake Van in eastern Anatolia. Kurdish, Turkish, and Armenian elements are all present in these vigorous and exciting dances. The combination of the ZURNA and DAVUL is perhaps the favorite dance accompaniment throughout Turkey and is frequently found throughout much of the Middle East and Balkans.


     Musical Arrangement and Cymbalom Solo: Stuart Brotman
In many parts of Eastern Europe, the CYMBALOM (hammered dulcimer), which is an ancestor of the piano, has for hundreds of years been a favorite instrument of the KLEZMER, the professional Jewish wedding musicians of these areas. Our soloist has chosen a DOINA (free improvisation), a GAS NIGN (prosessional), and two BULGARS (dances).


     Choreography: Richard Crum and Barry Glass
     Musical Arrangement: Maimon Miller
Women's dances from Central Romania begin this segment. The PURTATA is an a capella song dance, typical of the area. This leads into a dance from the Crihalma region in which the women imitate the men's boot-slapping steps. In the southern districts of Romania, one of the best known dances is the BRÂL MARE. The dance name refers to the belt-hold or line formation which the dancers use. The musicians play in even time while the dancers typically perform a series of fast, syncopated rhythms which weave in and out of the orchestra's music. STRIGATURI or shouted verses accompany both dances.


     Choreography: Jerry Duke
     Musical Arrangement: AMAN Musicians
     For the ballad: Research and supervision by Stuart Brotman. Sung by Sandra Ailman and Stuart Brotman.
Clogging was brought to the United States by early settlers from the British Isles. In Appalachia a different flavor was added, a dimension added from the dances of the black slave population. We enjoy completing our show with an old-fashioned American celebration, displaying the dance, music, singing, costumes, and toys of our own Appalachian mountains. The ballad THE PRODIGAL SON, sung in traditional style, illustrates this important aspect of Appalachia's musical folklore.